9 Jul 2020.
Dealing with fleas is an essential part of cat care. It’s an unfortunate, but common problem that these little critters will get on to your cat’s coat, especially if your kitty goes outside. Below, Cat in a Flat looks at the flea treatment and prevention facts you need to know as a kitty owner or pet sitter.
The cat flea is one of the most common parasites in pets. The so called “Ctenocephalides felis” is about 1 – 3 mm in size, red-brown in colour and feeds on the blood of the infected animal (the host). Although they cannot fly, they can jump up to 20cm vertically and 13cm horizontally.
Fleas aren’t usually dangerous to cats, and most infestations won’t have a serious impact on your kitty’s health. However, they can transmit diseases and multiply extremely fast, so cat owners should take treatment and prevention seriously. At the least, you could end up with an itchy, unhappy kitty and some unpleasant red flea bites yourself.
Kittens and frail cats are particularly vulnerable to flea infestations and can quickly become weak and anaemic. Cat fleas can also carry tapeworm larvae, which your kitty could ingest when grooming and subsequently become infected. For this reason, make sure that your cat takes worming tablets as well as being treated for fleas.
Pets can also be allergic to fleas and suffer unpleasant reactions to the parasites, including flea allergy dermatitis. Fleas can also carry harmful diseases from animal to animal. One of the most common is cat scratch disease, or Bartonella, a bacterial infection with dangerous and unpleasant side effects.
Always consult your vet on the best methods of prevention and treatment of fleas. Vets can sell medications to which high-street retailers don’t have access.
Never use flea prevention or treatment products made for dogs on your cat, many of them contain the chemical permethrin, which is poisonous to kitties.
Cat owners should always be consistent in using flea prevention medication. Gaps in the application of treatment can lead to resurgences in infestation and can cause flea-allergic dermatitis in your kitty.
Fleas spend most of their life cycle in the surrounding environment of the host rather than living on their skin. It’s crucial, therefore, to treat your home as well as your cat if you notice fleas. To get rid of fleas, vacuum carpets, floors, skirting boards, mattress and soft furniture regularly and dispose of the dust bag away from your home. You can also use baking soda on carpets to make vacuuming more effective. Wash your sheets, cushion covers and your pet’s bedding regularly in hot water.
Ask your vet about treating your home if you think you have a flea infestation. Flea sprays and bombs are available in shops, but many only kill the adult flea or can be toxic to cats or other pets. If the infestation becomes acute, you might need to call in an exterminator.
First of all, don’t panic! It’s common for a cat to get fleas, especially if they go outside or come into contact with other animals.
Cat owners should always make sure to leave their vet’s details and emergency contacts with carers. This way cat sitters will be prepared for all types of situations.
For more great advice and products on flea treatments visit Getcatcrazy.
Find out Cat in a Flat’s top tips for cat owners before going away by clicking here.
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